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Wednesday, November 11, 2020 | History

2 edition of Mechanisms of hypertension found in the catalog.

Mechanisms of hypertension

Schroeder, Henry Alfred

Mechanisms of hypertension

with a consideration of atherosclerosis.

by Schroeder, Henry Alfred

  • 201 Want to read
  • 32 Currently reading

Published by Thomas in Springfield, Ill .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Hypertension.

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. 297-328.

    SeriesAmerican lecture series, publication no. 305. A monograph in the Bannerstone Division of American lectures in metabolism
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRC685.H8 S33
    The Physical Object
    Pagination379 p.
    Number of Pages379
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL6220755M
    LC Control Number57005605
    OCLC/WorldCa3654382

    This chapter discusses mechanisms of physiological regulation of blood pressure (BP) and pathophysiological changes that lead to hypertension. Long-term control of BP occurs via the renal-body fluid feedback system, which involves pressure natriuresis—the high-BP-induced increase in sodium and water excretion by the kidney that leads to a. Renal hypertension of the two-kidney type is divided into three stages. In the first, hypertension results from the vasoconstrictor effect of angiotensin II. This persists to some extent in the second phase but there is in addition a slow-developing pressor effect, also resulting from angiotensin II and probably attributable to sodium. In the first two phases removal of the abnormal kidney Cited by: The net effect of these renal mechanisms is an increase in blood volume that augments cardiac output by the Frank-Starling mechanism. Therefore, hypertension caused by renal artery stenosis results from both an increase in systemic vascular resistance and an .


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Mechanisms of hypertension by Schroeder, Henry Alfred Download PDF EPUB FB2

Hypertension and Hormonal Mechanisms, written by the world’s experts in this field, aims to open new doors leading researchers closer to understanding the etiology and pathogenesis of primary (essential) hypertension, and to stimulate active research in the fundamental mechanisms of hypertension so that new therapies, and even prevention, can be realized in the not-too-distant Format: Hardcover.

Primary Hypertension: Basic Mechanisms and Therapeutic Implications 1st Edition by Werner Kaufmann (Author) ISBN ISBN Why is ISBN important.

ISBN. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book Format: Paperback. Hypertension and Hormone Mechanisms reviews novel developments in the endocrinology of hypertension with emphasis on new discovery during the past five years and perspectives on the future.

Written by authors who have spearheaded recent advances, chapters cover innovations in our understanding of. The exact prevalence of hypertension related to hormonal derangements (endocrine hypertension) is not known but estimated to affect less than 15% of hypertensive patients.

Recent scientific discoveries have increased the understanding of the pathophysiologic mechanisms of hypertension. The aim of the symposium was to provide a forum for presen­ tation and discussion of recent advances in the area of essential hypertension, particularly with regard to calcium mechanisms in vasoconstriction and vasodilation in arterial vessels and the func­ tion of arterial smooth muscle.

You'll find the long-term effects of primary and secondary hypertension and a lengthy section on hypertensions for special populations featured prominently. Prevention and treatment of hypertension are covered in detail, from lifestyle and diet issues to drug choice and delivery, and the section on comparison of guidelines is unique to this book.

Treatment of hypertension includes diets to reduce Mechanisms of hypertension book and salt and alcohol intake, increased exercise, quitting smoking, and various drugs, such as diuretics, ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, calcium-channel blockers or angiotensin-receptor blockers, as well as biofeedback.

Many patients require a combination of drugs to control their blood pressure. Knowledge of the mechanisms of action of antihypertensives is important as it allows rational combinations to be chosen based on complementary mechanisms of action. There are four major groups of drug treatments for hypertension and several less frequently used classes.

The sites of action of these antihypertensive agents are shown in Figure 1. Mechanisms of Hypertension. This article has no abstract; the first words appear below. To the Editor: In their review of the roles of sodium and potassium in the pathogenesis of hypertension.

(hypertension) and decrease in blood pressure (hypotension) are harmful in the body. The mechanism of regulation of BP is divided in to two groups. 1) Rapidly acting mechanism 2) Slow acting mechanism I. Rapidly acting mechanism This includes both nervous regulations as well as endocrine or hormonal regulation.

a) Nervous Regulation of BPFile Size: KB. No single defect in adrenal corticosteroid biosynthesis has been identified, but it is relevant to consider briefly two rare monogenic syndromes involving 11β-hydroxylase and aldosterone synthase that cause hypertension and help identify candidate mechanisms (Table 1): Glucocorticoid remediable aldosteronism (GRA) is a rare autosomal dominant condition Cited by: This book presents newly discovered mechanisms and concepts which explain the transition from hypertension to heart failure and shows the results obtained by the international scientific community who is continuously developing better strategies in screening, diagnosing and treating : Springer International Publishing.

The central mechanism underlying Mechanisms of hypertension book a review of the roles of sodium ions, epithelial sodium channels, the renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system, oxidative stress and endogenous digitalis in the brainCited by: Recent scientific discoveries have increased the understanding of the pathophysiologic mechanisms of hypertension.

In Endocrine Hypertension, a renowned panel of experts provides a comprehensive, state-of-the-art overview of this disorder, discussing when to assign an endocrine cause in one of many conditions that may present with hypertension.

There are two basic interdependent mechanisms responsible for the development of essential hypertension. One is a defect in the catecholamine storage complex resulting in a small store and the other an increase in the sodium concentration in vascular smooth by: 3. #### Physiological mechanisms involved in development of essential hypertension Maintenance of a normal blood pressure is dependent on the balance between the cardiac output and peripheral vascular resistance.

Most patients with essential hypertension have a normal cardiac output but a raised peripheral by: Mechanisms of Hypertension and Hypertension-Related Stroke. Front Matter. the book illuminates current regimens for care immediately after acute stroke and for the prevention of recurrent stroke.

This latest edition also features extensively updated chapters from the previous edition, as well as new chapters on the effects of hypertension. Hypertension and Heart Failure: Epidemiology, Mechanisms and Treatment Pdf This book explains how hypertension affects % of the adult population in developed countries.

Heart failure is the result of the hypertension's effects on the heart and it represents a growing public health problem. Purchase Hypertension - 2nd Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNNovel pathophysiologic mechanisms for hypertension in HIV-infected adults may include: microbial translocation, chronic inflammation, immune suppression and reconstitution, viral tropism, lipodystrophy, adipokines, and HIV-related renal disease.

Large, multinational cohort studies are needed to solidify our by: Immune Mechanisms of Hypertension (Colloquium Integrated Systems Physiology: From Molecule to Function to Disease) [Ryan, Michael J.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Immune Mechanisms of Hypertension (Colloquium Integrated Systems Physiology: From Molecule to Function to Disease)5/5(1). He has a particular interest in the mechanisms of blood pressure regulation and in the treatment of hypertension, having academic responsibilities in teaching nephrology in affiliated university hospitals.

He was awarded degrees in chemistry, achieving master’s and doctorate degrees from Harvard University/5(3). Additional Physical Format: Online version: Schroeder, Henry A., Mechanisms of hypertension. Springfield, Ill., Thomas [©] (OCoLC) The current treatment of essential hypertension is based on the following concepts: (1) a single cause has not been identified.

Indeed, essential hypertension appears to be a multifactorial disorder. Specific therapy, therefore, is not possible;1 (2) the homeostatic mechanisms that regulate blood pressure are intact in hypertensive subjects and responsive to physiologic and Cited by: 4.

The mechanisms which explain the progression from hypertension to heart failure will be also covered exhaustively by offering two chapters referring to the diagnosis of heart failure in hypertensive population and one regarding echocardiography which is the most frequently used imaging method in clinical practice.

Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the US and a leading cause of disability among adults. Stroke is not an accident but occurs in relation to a number of risk factors or antecedents. Hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for stroke, and blood pressure level may play an important role in determining outcome after acute ischemic or.

High blood pressure (BP), or hypertension, is defined by two levels by American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines [1, 2]: (1) elevated BP, with a systolic pressure (SBP) between and mm Hg and diastolic pressure (DBP) less than 80 mm Hg, and (2) stage 1 hypertension, with an SBP of to mm Hg or a DBP of 80 to.

This open access book focuses on the molecular mechanism of congenital heart disease and pulmonary hypertension, offering new insights into the development of pulmonary circulation and the ductus : Toshio Nakanishi.

This volume contains papers presented at the First International Symposium on Mechanism and Treatment in Essential Hyperten­ sion, which was held on October 23 in Nagoya, Japan.

The meeting was an official satellite symposium to the meeting of the Fifth International Symposium on Rats with Spon­ taneous Hypertension and Related. Discusses significant advances in the field—including those related to pathophysiology of glomerular diseases, electrolyte disorders, renal tubular transport systems, hypertension, transplantation, hereditary diseases, and chronic kidney.

This timely volume addresses the intimate pathophysiologic relationship between hypertension and cardiovascular disease.

Hypertension is one of the most important global public health challenges, and its relationship to stroke and other catastrophic cerebrovascular diseases is an area of growing understanding. Purchase Comprehensive Hypertension - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNHardbound.

This new edition of Pathophysiology of Hypertension in the series of the volumes of the Handbook of Hypertension has been designed in an entirely different way to cope with the developments in the field that have occurred in the decade between and The two separate volumes of the previous edition have been joined in a single, though much thicker.

The book deals mainly with the basic pathophysiologic mechanisms of hypertension in both animals and humans and gives a historical presentation of the basic research on hypertension up to Although publication of the book was delayed, it remains up to date because no significant findings have been presented since.

Secondary hypertension indicates that the hypertension is a result of a specific underlying condition with a well-known mechanism, such as chronic kidney disease, narrowing of the aorta or kidney arteries, or endocrine disorders such as excess aldosterone, cortisol, or catecholamines.

Persistent hypertension is a major risk factor for hypertensive heart disease, coronary artery. Novel mechanisms of hypertension and vascular dysfunction Ernesto L. Schiffrin 1 Nature Reviews Nephrology vol pages 73 – 74 () Cite this articleCited by: 6.

ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: vii,[4] pages: illustrations ; 32 cm. Contents: 1 Pathogenesis of Hypertension: Genetic and Environmental Factors.- 2 Role of the Nervous System in Human Hypertension.- 3 Hypertension: Kidney, Sodium, and the Renin-Angiotensin System.- 4 Pathogenesis of Hypertension.- 5 Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Hypertension.

• Potential mechanisms for increased incidence of hypertension postulated in this paper include HIV-associated chronic inflammation, immune suppression, endothelial activation, and dysfunction, as well as the direct infection of arterial vascular smooth muscle cells by HIVCited by: 2.

Hypertension remains one of the most common and important cardiovascular risk factors, not only for stroke, but also for myocardial infarction. 1 Coronary plaque rupture is the most common cause of acute coronary syndromes, 2 an event that is triggered by physical forces exerted by the circulating blood.

In their Clinical Review ‘Biomechanical stress in coronary Cited by: 1. Mechanisms of hypertension: proceedings of an International Workshop Conference held in Los Angeles, March, Amsterdam, Excerpta Medica; New York, American Elsevier Pub.

Co., (OCoLC). Hypertension. Hypertension (uncontrolled) is defined as a systolic blood pressure > mm Hg. Abnormal renal function is defined as the presence of chronic dialysis, renal transplantation, or a serum creatinine level ≥ mmol/L. Abnormal liver function is defined as chronic hepatic disease (i.e., evidence of cirrhosis or biochemical evidence of significant hepatic derangement.Cardiovascular Pressor Reactivity as Related to Plasma Catecholamines: Role in the Pathogenesis of Essential Hypertension and in the Antihypertensive Mechanism of Diuretic Treatment.- Blunting of Beta-Adrenoceptor-Mediated Cardiovascular Responses and Increasing Alpha-Receptor-Mediated Vasoconstriction: An Age-Dependent Transformation of.Mechanisms of renal hypertension and renal contribution to primary hypertension Janis M.

Orlowski Section of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Rush Medical College, Chicago, IL, USA Investigators in hypertension have extensively evaluated the mechanisms of hypertension as first described by Goldblatt in his classic clipped kidney by: 3.